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中考英语首字母填空专项练习

时间:2010-08-30 16:05来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
  

中考英语首字母填空专项练习

  Do you know Sweden(瑞典)It l  1 in the north of EuropeIt is the fourth largest country in Europe with an a 2 of 450, 000 square kilometers and the population of about 8.5 million. Over one third of them live in the three largest cities, namely Stockholm, Goteborg and Malmo. More than half of Sweden is c  3   with trees. It is one of the r 4 countries in the world. About 100 years ago Sweden became industrialized(工业化). Today less than one third of the people are f 5 .

  Sweden is the country where the famous Nobel Prizes are awarded. Many people who have been to Stockholm, the c  6  of Sweden, must have visited the places where Nobel Prizes are awarded.

  The first language of Sweden is Swedish. English is the first f  7 language in schools. Many middle-school students can s 8   two to three languages. Most of the Swedish peoplemen and women, o 9  and young, can speak English. So there is no p 10 to speak with them in English

  二

   I still remember visiting Moscow. It is the capital of Russia, the b 1 country in the world. I went there w 2 my parents when I was eight years old. I lived and studied there for one year, I had some happy memories.

   One of the most interesting things of that city was that t 3 were many dogs. Perhaps Russians l 4 dogs very much. You can see dogs here and there. Almost each of the families had a dog. I made friends with many Russian children w 5 I was living and studying there. They were all very nice. They had fair hair and fair skin. I played with them h 6 though I could only speak a little Russian at first. They were f 7 to me. The weather in Moscow was very cold. It snowed almost every in winter. The ground was always c 8 with a lot of snow. We often made s 9 together.

   Now I am b 10 in China, but I miss them so much. I will never forget my happy memories of this visit to Moscow.

  三

   These years, with the development of society, more and more teenagers have suffered from stress. Some of the problems can make them feel very w 1 and unhappy all day. Who can help them? A teacher from a college tried his best to help them. He thought of a lot of w 2 to help them. On Monday and Thursday, you can v 3 him. Here are some ideas how to keep the young men healthier in every way.

  F 4 , it is very important to keep healthy. To get e 5 sleep every day is also necessary. Try to have a healthy d 6 . Secondly, maybe you are not the top students. It doesnt m 7 . The most important thing is to work hard. If you try your best, your teachers and parents will understand you. If you have some problems, you should be a 8 to talk with your teachers and parents. They can help you. Remember to s 9 your happiness and s 10 with your good friends. Sometimes you can go out for a walk.

  In a word, you can try to make you happy by yourselves. Im sure you can be happy every day.

  四

  Before windows were used, old h 1 in Europe(欧洲)and Britain were very dark. Their great rooms were high w 2 only one hole in the roof(屋顶)to let the smoke o 3 from cooking fire. Later, people began to make the holes b 4 __ to have more light and air in their homes. The first English window was j 5 _ _ a small opening(口,孔)in the wall. It was cut long to let in as m 6 light as possible, and narrow to keep out the bad w 7 . But, more wind than light would c 8_ __ in if the window was cut long. This is why it was c 9 _ The winds eye. And the word w 10 _ comes form two ancient(古代的)words for wind and eye.

  五

  Thirty years ago, I walked into your bakery and asked for some loaves() of bread to sell. At that time, I was 12 years old. A young lady s 1 me that day. She gave me five loaves and wished me good l 2 .

  I took the loaves and went out to sell them. It t 3 me all day, but I sold them all. At the e 4 of the day, I had some money. I was the h 5 boy in the world as I walked home that evening.

  The next day, I went to a bicycle shop. I paid a deposit(定金) on a new bicycle.. And then I started my next j 6 as a newspaper delivery() boy. Soon I c 7 pay the rest of the money for the bicycle and the bike was mine. I was so proud of m 8 !

  Today I still work in the delivery business. I have a lot of trucks to send goods all over the country. I live in a beautiful house, but I dont ride a bicycle these days. I drive a large nice car.

  I dont know e 9 that young lady was. But b 10 she gave me the start, I have become a successful man. Id like to show my thanks to her.

  六

  Long ago, people used bells more t 1 __ they do today. The postmen used to ring a hand bell when they delivered letters. Fire engines had bell i 2_ of sirens(号笛). People who sold things came past houses, ringing a bell and shouting w 3 _ was for sale. Every village had its church bell to let people know it was t 4 to go to church. At night, this bell was ringing so that travelers would find the village in the d 5 _. In most countries bells were hung r 6 _ the necks of animals. The bells helped owners to find lost cows or sheep. Today, in India, animals still wear bells. Now bells are used l 7_ _ and less, Buzzers, sirens and horns have t 8 __ their place. Now people try to keep the old bells in school and churches so t 9 they will not l 10_ their beautiful sounds for ever.

  七

  Life gets noisier every day and very f 1 people can be free from noise of some kind or another. W 2 you live in the centre of a modern city or a village far away --- the chances that you will be disturbed by planes, cars, radios, etc. are almost everywhere. We seem to be used to noise, too. Some people feel quite lonely w 3 background music while they are working.

  Tests have s 4 that total silence can be very frightening experiences. H 5 , some people enjoy listening to pop music which is very loud, and this can do harm to their ears. The noise level in some places is far a 6 the usual safety level for heavy industrial areas.

  One recent report about noise said that a 7 a lot of people say that any noise disturbs their attention, only a sudden c 8 in the level of noise really affects peoples attention. It goes on to say that a background noise, which doesnt change too much (music, for example) may even help people to pay attention.

  People are testing ways to make less noise. There are even laws c 9 noise. We cant

  r 10 to the good old days of peace and quiet. But we can make less noise --- if we shout loudly enough about it

  八

  There are t 1 _ many accidents in cities. Accidents often happen when people c 2 the roads or streets. Read the passage c _ 3 __ and learn to be careful later on. Be careful when it is r 4 __. Many accidents happen on rainy days. People are in a h 5 because they dont want to get w 6_ _. They often cross the roads quickly. Often they cant see c 7 _ _ as they hold their umbrellas in front of t 8_ . Remember that cars take l 9_ __ time to stop when the roads are wet. When it is raining, we must be more and more careful, not l 10_ _ careful.

  九

  Most American families are smaller than the families in other c 1 __. Children in the US will l 2 their parents homes. When they grow up, they usually live f 3 from their parents because they want to f 4_ _ good jobs. They often w 5 _ _ to their parents or telephone them. And they often go to v 6 their parents on holiday. Parents usually let their children choose their o 7 __ jobs. Americans think it I 8 for young people to decide on their lives by themselves. Children are asked to do some work around their houses. And in many families, Children are p 9_ _ for doing some housework so that they can learn h 10 to make money for their own use.

  十

  Someone says: Time is money, but I think time is e 1 __ more important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is g 2 _, it will never r 3 _ . Thats why we mustnt waste time. It goes without saying that the t 4 _ is usually limited(有限的). Even a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to do s 5 useful. But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the i 6 of time. They spent their limited time smoking, drinking and p 7 _. They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own l 8_ _. In a word, we should save time. We shouldnt l 9_ _ todays work for tomorrow. Remember we have n 10 time to lose.

十一

  Andy was born in China 15 years agoIn 2005, she m 1 to the USA with her familyAs a high school studentshe has found many differences b 2 Chinese and Americans

  About money

  1) Americans like to spend m 3 than they haveso many of them are always in debt(欠债)But Chinese usually spend less than they have, so many 0f them always have m 4 left in the bank

  2) The American kids themselves make their own moneyMost Chinese kids always a 5 their parents for money

  3) Many American parents think there is n 6 need to send their children t0 an expensive universityIts different in ChinaMany Chinese parents would do anything to send their children to expensive universities t 7 their family isnt rich enough

  About school

  1) Many American girls take part in sportsdancing and singing groups while many Chinese girls take part in study groups

  2) Many American students think that B is good while many Chinese students think that B is too b 8 .

  About friends

  Most American parents let their sons or daughters make friends by t 9 . They never ask them about their friends while Chinese parents usually enjoy knowing more about their childrens friends i 10 many different waysand usually stop them from staying out too late with friends

  十二

  Do you have bright ideas? Ideas for inventions that c 1 the world or, at least, make life easier for somebody. P 2 we all do sometimes, but we dont often make the idea a real thing. Recently, there was a competition in a country, which e 3 young people to make their bright ideas come true. There were t 4_ groups in the contest: Group A was for school children under 16; Group B was for those o 5_ 16. And there were eleven prize-winners altogether.

  Neil Hunt, one of the prize-winners, was c 6_ Sunshine Superman by one newspaper writing about his design. When people study the weather, its important to be able to record the sunshine accurately(准确地,精确地). We need to know how many h 7_ of sunshine we have and how strong it is. Most sunshine recorders o _8 record direct (直接的) sunshine. Neils is more accurate and this is very i 9 for research into ways of using solar power(太阳能). Neil plans to keep inventing.

  The ideas in the competition were so g 10 that we are surprised that the industry (工业界) doesnt ask more school children for suggestions.

  十三

  British teenagers can leave school at sixteen after taking their GCSE exams. They study for exams in as many as ten subjects, s 1 they have to work pretty hard! Todays teens spend more time doing their homework than any teenagers in the past, s 2 for 2.5 3 hours every evening.

  Free Time

  Its not all work, of course. What do British teenagers do to have f 3 ? They love watching TV, going out, meeting friends in Internet cafés and listening to music.

  Communications

  In addition to the Internet, teenagers in Britain use their computers to play games and do their homework. They a 4 love their mobile phones, and spend hours texting (发短信) their friends and chatting. Today, phones are getting smaller and lighter and you can do a lot more w 5 them than just talk. Text messaging has b 6 the coolest and most popular way to communicate. More than 90% of 12- to 16-year-olds have a mobile, and experts say that this stops t 7 from spending their money on sweets and cigarettes.

  Fashion (服饰)

  At school, almost all British teenagers have to w 8 a school uniform. However, in their free

  t 9 they can wear whatever they like, and what they like is designer names such as Nike, Diesel and Paul Smith. In fact, 40% of British teens say that they think it is important to have the latest fashion. Looking good doesnt come c 10 , but many teenagers think it usual or easy to spend more than 100 on one item of clothing.

  十四

  My nine-year-old daughter, Maria, is in Year Four. Every evening we get into h 1 battles (争执). Three afternoons a week, she has a 2 (net-ball, singing) after school and by the time we get home, homework is the

  l 3 thing she feels like doing. The other two days, she gets home early and we argue (争论) about w 4 she should do her homework r 5 after school, or if she should have some time to rest and play f 6 When Maria at last sits down to do her homework, she seems to want me there helping all the time. I do want to help her, but I'm s 7 that she is going to need to be able to do it on her o 8 And in f 9 , most of the time, I have other things I need to be doing. It seems that children these days have much more homework than we did, and some of it is really beyond (超越) their a 10 .As you can see, I'm really worried about homework and I really dont know what I should do. Any ideas?

  十五

  When you finish high school or university, is learning done? The answer is no. In many countries, people continue learning all their lives. Why is lifelong (终身的)learning important? How can it help you? Lets look at one e 1 of lifelong learning in Japan.

  You go to school and learn. You study. You take tests B 2 learning doesnt only happen in school. Learning doesnt s 3 when you graduate from high school or college. You are learning all the time. For example, learning can h 4 when you go to a museum. It can

  a 5 happen when you get a job. You learn when you p 6 a sport or when you take a trip. Learning is l 7 ! We never stop learning. Every day you can improve yourself by learning something n 8 .

  In Japan, lifelong learning is very important. People in Japan like to try new learning a 9 . Music, calligraphy (书法) and foreign languages are some of their f 10 classes. Japanese take classes to improve their skills and learn new things.

   When we graduate from school, we can continue to learn. Make lifelong learning become one of your goals!

  十六

  On May 23, six pandas left an important panda base (基地) in Wolong, southwest Chinas Sichuan Province, because of damaged (损坏的) s 1 and food shortages after the May 12 earthquake, a local official said.

  The pandas were t 2 by trucks from China Giant Panda Protection and Research

  C 3 to Yaan, another base less affected by the earthquake, said Xiong Beirong, an official of Sichuan Provincial Forestry Bureau (林业局).

   Eight other pandas l 4 for the Chengdu Research Base on May 18. They will be carried by China Southern Airlines (CSA) to Beijing, where they will s 5 at the Beijing Zoo, said Wolong director Zhang Hemin.

   Liu Shaoyong, a leader of CSA, said the pandas were scheduled (预定) to leave Chengdu at 3 p.m. Saturday. They will travel on a Boeing 747-700 plane with bamboo a 6 water.

   “There is e 7 water now, b 8 food is still a big problem. The pandas need bamboos and apples. Xiong Beirong said.

   After the earthquake, tons of bamboo shoots, apples, eggs, milk powder and medicines were brought to the center, but the supplies could only l 9 about a week, she said.

  There are about 1,590 pandas l 10 in the wild in China, mostly in Sichuan and the northwestern provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu.

  十七

  The mobile phone is a useful thing, but maybe I don't know h 1 to use it. Sometimes it makes things difficult for me.

  One day I wanted to see my friend nearby. I could a 2 at his house in five minutes, but I looked at my mobile phone and thought i 3 would be better to ring him up. I r 4 him for the first time, but the line was busy. Five minutes later, there was an answer, but it was the wrong number. Then I tried a 5 and this time I got an answer from him.

  I asked him if he was at home in the afternoon. And he said--at 1 6 I thought he said--he would be at home all afternoon. So I went to his house, but then I found n 7 in. I called him for the fourth time. This time I got so angry that I s 8 , "You are not at home? But you just told me over the telephone that you would be at home all afternoon!"

  Here w 9 his answer, "No, I said: 'I will NOT be at home all afternoon.'"

  I went back to my room, sat down in front of the mobile phone and looked at it. What e 10 could I do? Nothing!

  十八

  We were singing, Happy birthday to you…” My mother was smiling, surrounded by my father, my little sister and me.

  It was time to send wishes. My father said, Youve done m 1 things for us. On this special day, let me d 2 all the housework for you. After kissing my mother, my sister said, Mum, youre a g 3 mum in my eyes. I l 4 at my mothers eyes and said, Dear mum, I am always waiting for one day when you and Dad get old. My parents seemed puzzled (困惑), and I explained, When youre old, I will take care of you just like you take care of me. There were tears in their eyes

  Yes, w 5 they get old, I will take care of them. These words were in my mind f 6 a long time, and at last I said them to my dear parents. I felt v 7 happy.

  My parents are just common people, b 8 theyre great. Like other parents, they bring us up with love, and give us food and c 9 . They teach us how to be real people. My parents have done a lot of things for me and I am very thankful to them.

  However, they will not always be able to take care of me. One day, they will get old. They may not even be able to take care of t 10 . But that doesnt matter. I, their child, will take charge.

  十九

  Tom was a poor boyHe made a living by cleaning leather(皮革) s 1 for others in the

  streetTom was also a b 2 boyOne daya rich man n 3 Miser appeared in front of Tom

  He watched his d 4 shoes for a whileand thenlooked at TomTom knew this kind of people wellThey love money but hate to spend it

  Tom said,“Let me b 5 your shoessirOnly two pence(便土)sir

  MrMiser shook his head and walked away

   Tom thought for a second and then called out,‘‘Id like to clean it for nothing.”This time

  MrMiser agreedAnd soon one of his shoes was shining brightly

   When the rich man put his other shoe on the stool(凳子)Tom said he wouldnt clean it for him u 6 he was paid two pence for his workMrMiser was very a 7 . He refused to pay

  anything and went away

   But to his s 8 , the wellcleaned shoe was so bright that it made the other one look even

   dirtierMrMiser looked roundPeople in the street were l 9 at him

  Finally the rich man a 10 and gave Tom two penceIn a very short time his two shoes shone brightly

  二十

  Do you know the differences between the new building and the old ones?

  Old buildings h 1 brick()and stone walls. The walls hold up the b 2 .

  In cities, many modern building l 3 as if they are made just of windows. Walls of dark glass reach high into the air. Many buildings are m 4 than 50 stories()tall.

  Are walls of glass strong e 5 to hold up the new buildings? No, The new glass walls do not hold up the buildings, b 6 they only cover up the frame(框架)made of steel. Have you ever watched a new building going up? The steel frame is built f 7 .Then the glass walls are hung on the frame. When the building is f 8 ,the frame does not show. The outside looks like windows without walls. The glass walls shine i 9 the sun with no decoration(装饰).Many people find t 10 beautiful just as they are.

  答案

  一1.lies 2.area 3.covered 4.richest 5.farmers 6.capital 7.foreign 8.speak 9.old 10.problem

  二1.biggest 2.with 3.there 4.love/ like 5.when 6.happily 7.friendly 8.covered 9.snowmen 10.back

  三1.worried 2.ways 3.visit 4.Firstly 5.enough 6.diet 7.matter 8.able 9.share 10.sadness

  四1.houses 2.with 3. out 4.bigger 5.just 6.much 7.weather 8.come 9.called 10.window

  五1.served 2.luck 3.took 4.end 5.happiest 6.job 7.could 8.myself 9.sho/shom 10.become

  六1.than 2.instead 3.what 4.time 5.dark 6.round 7.less 8.taken 9.that 10.lose

  七1.few 2.whether 3.without 4.shown 5.However 6.above 7.although 8.change 9.controling 10.return

  八1.too 2.cross 3.carefully 4.rainy 5.hurry 6.wet 7.clearly 8.themselves 9.longer 10.less

  九1.countries 2.live 3.far 4.find 5.write 6.visit 7.own 8.important 9.paid 10.how

  十1.even 2.gone 3.return 4.time 5.something 6.importance 7.playing 8.lives 9.leave 10.no

  十一1.moved 2.between 3.more 4.money 5.ask 6.no 7.though 8.bad 9.themselves 10.in

  十二1.change 2.Perhaps/Probably 3.encourage 4.two 5.over 6.called 7.hours 8.only 9.important 10.great/ good

  十三1.so 2.studying 3.fun 4.also 5.with 6.become 7.teenagers 8.wear 9.time 10.cheap

  十四1.homework 2.activities3.last 4.whether 5.right 6.forst 7.sure 8.own 9.fact 10.abilities

  十五1.example 2.But 3.stop 4.happen 5.also 6.play 7.life 8.new 9.activities 10favorite

  十六1.shelters 2.taken 3.Center 4. left 5. stay 6. and 7. enough 8.but 9.last 10.living

  十七1. how 2. arrive 3. it 4. rang 5. again 6. least 7. nobody 8. shoutedscreamed

  9. was 10. else

  十八1.many 2.do 3.good 4.looked 5.when 6.for 7.very 8.but 9.clothes 10.. themselves

  十九1.shoes 2.bright 3. named 4.dirty 5.brush 6.unlessuntil 7.angry 8.surprise 9.laughinglooking 10.agreed

  二十1.have 2.building 3.look 4.more 5.enough 6.but 7.first 8.finished 9.in 10.them

 

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